National Safe Motherhood Day 2023: History, importance, and everything you need to know

Every year on April 11 in India, National Safe Motherhood Day is marked with the goal of promoting maternal healthcare and lowering maternal mortality.


National Safe Motherhood Day is held on April 11 every year in India. The day was initially held in 2003 to raise awareness about maternal mortality and enhance maternal healthcare. This action was taken by the Indian government as a response to the high maternal death rate in the nation, which was a significant public health issue. The day provides an opportunity to talk about the difficulties pregnant women encounter and the steps that may be taken to protect them.

Maternal Mortality

A woman dying during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of giving birth is referred to as maternal mortality. In India, maternal mortality is a serious public health concern. The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in India has decreased from 130 per 100,000 live births in 2014–16 to 113 per 100,000 live births in 2016–18, according to the most recent data from the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. However, compared to many other nations, India’s MMR is still high, necessitating ongoing efforts to enhance maternal healthcare.

Challenges in Maternal Healthcare

India’s maternal healthcare system has a number of obstacles, including poor infrastructure, a lack of qualified healthcare personnel, socio-cultural impediments, and limited access to healthcare services. Many rural women lack access to high-quality maternity healthcare services. In addition, a lot of women are ignorant of the significance of maternal diet, hygiene, and health. These elements play a part in the high maternal mortality rate in the nation.

Governmental Programs

The Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), which offers cash incentives to pregnant women to encourage them to deliver their babies in healthcare facilities, is one of the government’s many programs to address the problems with maternal healthcare in India. Additionally, the government has launched maternal healthcare initiatives including the Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA), which offers pregnant women free antenatal treatment. The government has also started a number of programs to upgrade the nation’s infrastructure and offer better prenatal care.

Health of mothers during COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly increased the difficulty of providing maternity healthcare in India. Due to mobility constraints and other social exclusionary practices, many pregnant women have been unable to receive vital maternal healthcare services. The supply chain for goods necessary for maternal healthcare, like contraceptives and medications, has also been impacted by the epidemic. The motto of National Safe Motherhood Day 2021, “Stay Home, Stay Safe, Stay Alive,” is especially pertinent in this situation as it emphasizes the value of taking precautions to safeguard both pregnant mothers and their unborn children from the risk of infection.


An important attempt to promote maternal health and lower maternal mortality in India is National Safe Motherhood Day. The day offers a chance to talk about the difficulties pregnant women encounter and the steps that may be taken to ensure their safety. We can work to ensure that all women in India have access to safe and high-quality maternal healthcare services by putting in place efficient policies and programs, enhancing infrastructure, and increasing awareness.

What is National Safe Motherhood Day?

India celebrates National Safe Motherhood Day on April 11 each year. The Indian government has launched a program to promote maternal healthcare and increase awareness of maternal mortality.

Why is National Safe Motherhood Day important?

National Safe Motherhood Day is important because it raises awareness about the issues that pregnant women experience in India and advocates safety measures. Maternal mortality is a major public health concern in India, and this day allows us to debate solutions and actions to alleviate it.

What are India’s maternity healthcare challenges?

In India, maternal healthcare suffers a number of obstacles, including a lack of access to healthcare facilities, insufficient infrastructure, a paucity of competent healthcare personnel, and socio-cultural impediments. These factors contribute to the country’s high maternal death rate.

What impact has the COVID-19 pandemic had on maternity healthcare in India?

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused significant challenges to India’s maternal health services. Due to transportation limitations and social distancing tactics, many pregnant women have been unable to access vital maternal healthcare treatments. The epidemic has also disrupted the supply chain for critical maternal healthcare commodities including as contraception and medications.

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